Henri Martin is one of the most admired post-impressionist artists.

 

His life

Henri-Jean Guillaume Martin was born on August 5, 1860 in Toulouse to a French cabinet maker and a mother of Italian descent.

 

Martin successfully persuaded his father to permit him to become an artist.

 

He began his career in 1877 at the Toulouse School of Fine Arts, where he was under the tutelage of Jules Garipuy (he was also a pupil of Henry-Eugéne Delacroix).

 

Martin relocated to Paris in 1879 and with the help of a scholarship, was able to study in Jean-Paul Laurens' studio. Four years later, he received his first medal at the Paris Salon, where he would hold his first exhibition three years later in 1886.

 

The year after he won his first medal, Martin was awarded a scholarship for a tour in Italy, where he studied the work of veterans such as Giotto and Masaccio. His 1889 canvas submission to the Salon earned him the gold medal for work that has been described as Pointillist. That same year he became a member of the Legion of Honour.

 

At the 1900 World Fair, he was awarded the Grand Prize for his work. During this period, he became friends with Auguste Rodin.

 

Although Martin's work as a neo-impressionist is not considered groundbreaking, his work was rather well-received, and has been associated with symbolist painter Puvis de Chavannes.
Due to his introverted temperament, Martin decided to move away from Paris. After a decade of searching for an ideal home, Martin bought Marquayrol, a mansion overlooking La Bastide du Vert, near Cahors.

 

He performed his best work in the new tranquil environment, and died there in 1943.

 

In Cahors stands the Musée de Henri-Martin, which, in addition to its function of a general regional museum, places an emphasis on the painter Henri Martin.

 

 

Henri Martin | His Life and work | Download as a PDF

 

 

 

Paintings in museum collections

 

Beauvais, Musée départemental de l'Oise

- Déjeuner champêtre, 1911

 

Bordeaux, Musée des Beaux-Arts

- Anémones, Inventory Bx E 1497 13 ; Bx M 5834
- Autoportrait ; au verso : Bateaux échoués, Inventory, Bx E 1497 18
- Barques à Collioure, Inventory Bx E 1497 9 ; Bx M 5830
- Chacun sa chimère, Inventory Bx E 1081 ; Bx M 7054 ; 1801
- Collioure, les toits rouges, Inventory Bx E 1497 17
- Communiantes, Inventory Bx M 6679
- Deux communiantes, Inventory Bx M 6145
- Esquisse des vendanges, Inventory Bx E 1497 4 ; Bx M 5825
- Esquisse du monument aux morts de Cahors (Tryptique), Inventory Bx M 6039
- Faneuse, Inventory Bx E 1497 19 ; Bx M 6657
- Femmes cousant, Inventory Bx M 6645
- Fleurs dans un vase, Inventory Bx E 1497 8 ; Bx M 5829
- Homme au marteau-piqueur, Inventory Bx M 6663
- Homme au marteau-piqueur, Inventory Bx M 6662
- Homme au marteau-piqueur, Inventory Bx M 6649
- Le bassin à Marquayrol, Inventory Bx M 6913
- La Bastide-du-Vert, Inventory Bx E 1497 5 ; Bx M 5826
- La Campana, Inventory Bx E 1497 7 ; Bx M 5828
- Les Champs-Elysées, Inventory Bx E 1502 ; Bx M 5781 ; 16180
- Les Paveurs, Inventory Bx M 6648
- Maison à Lherm, Inventory Bx E 1497 15 ; Bx M 5880
- Maisons à Gigouzac, Inventory Bx E 1497 1 ; Bx M 5822
- Maisons à Lherm, Inventory Bx E 1497 2 ; Bx M 5823
- Mères de famille (fleurs), Inventory Bx E 1497 11 ; Bx M 5832
- Officier déposant une couronne, Inventory Bx M 6361

 

Caen, Musée des Beaux-Arts

- JARDINIER, Inventory INV 81 16 6

 

Cahors, Musée de Cahors Henri-Martin

- Orphée, 1880,
- Portait de Jean Rivière, 1880
- Portrait d'enfant, c. 1883
- Étude pour Caïn, c. 1883
- Berger et ses moutons, c. 1890-1900
- Chevrière devant une maison de Labastide-du-Vert, c. 1890-1900
- Couple en conversation devant une ferme, circa 1890-1900
- Effet du matin à Labastide-du-Vert, c. 1890-1900
- Le Pont de Labastide-du-Vert, c. 1890-1900
- Les Trois muses, c. 1890-1900
- Méditation, c. 1890-1900
- Berger rentrant ses moutons, 1894
- Le Christ et la Samaritaine, 1894
- Muse pensive au jardin, 1894
- Saint François d'Assise, 1894
- Charité, 1895
- Jeune femme à la robe fleurie, 1895
- La Justice, 1897
- Berger et ses trois muses, 1900
- Rêverie automnale, 1900
- Profil au voile, 1902, Cahors
- Étude pour Dans la lumière, 1913- Barques à Collioure, c. 1920
- Labastide-du-Vert, La Maison du sabotier, c. 1920
- Labastide-du-Vert, Le Matin, c. 1920
- Labastide-du-Vert, Le Village, c. 1920
- Labastide-du-Vert, Les Collines, c. 1920
- Le Pont de Labastide-du-Vert, La Chèvre blanche, c. 1920
- Le Village de Labastide-du-Vert et son église, c.1920
- Saint-Cirq-Lapopie, c.1920
- Saint-Cirq-Lapopie, La Place, c.1920
- Étude pour Les Vignes en automne, c.1927
- Bouquet de fleurs des champs, c.1930
- Le Monument aux morts de Cahors, 1932
- Portait de l'abbé Pujol, Étude pour le Monument aux morts de Cahors, c. 1932
- Étude pour Poètesses au bord d'un lac,c. 1932
- Autoportait,c.1938
- Étude pour les Champs-Élysées, 1939
- Les Dévideuses, 1912, Musée Antoine Lécuyer de Saint-Quentin

 

Genève, Musée du Petit Palais

- La Pergola

 

Grenoble, Musée de Grenoble

- L'été, Inventory MG 1921

 

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana, USA

- The Pergola (La Pergola) about 1915, oil on canvas, 26 x 31 1/2 in.
  The Holliday Collection Accession number 79.272
- Study for Ditch Diggers, Place de la Concorde, 1925-1926, Oil on wood, 16 1/8 x 12 13/16 in.
  The Holliday Collection Accession number79.273

 

Lille ; Musée des Beaux-Arts
- DANS LE JARDIN Inventory P 1881
- L'ILE SAN GIORGIO A VENISE, Inventory P 1945
- JEUNE BRETONNE AU BORD DE LA MER, Inventory P 1880
- LA FATALITE, Inventory P 652

Madrid, Spain, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum,
- The sower, c. 1914-1920, Oil on canvas, 62 x 29 cm, Collection of Carmen Thyssen  Nr. INV. CTB.2000.56

 

Marseille, Musée Cantini
- Saint-Cirq-la-Popie, Inventory BA 1357

 

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minnesota, USA

- Dans le Brouillard, Oil on panel, 17 x 13 7/8 in. (43.18 x 35.24 cm)
  Gift of Kenneth and Margery Carpenter, Inventory 98.258

 

Montpellier, Musée Fabre,

- La vieille maison, 1904

 

Montauban, Musée Ingres
- Le Châtiment de Caïn, Inventory  MI.891.2


Nantes, Musée des Beaux-Arts
- Crépuscule, Inventory 1098
- La porte verte, Inventory 959.5.1.P ; 6676

 

Strasbourg, Musée d'art moderne et contemporain
- Toits de Paris sous la neige, Inventory 55.974.0.818 ; 2238

 

Paris, Musée d'Orsay,

- Portrait de l'artiste. c. 1912, Huile sur toile H. 0.575 ; L. 0.755 m.
  Repository: Musée Henri Martin, Cahors, France, Inventory INV 20050

- Sérénité (Le Bois Sacré), 1899, Huile sur toile, H. 3.67 ; L. 5.44 m, Inventory, RF 1177

- L'Automne, 1913, Huile sur toile, H. 2.47 ; L. 1.47 m, Inventory LUX 83

- Le jardin au soleil, Huile sur toile, H. 0.92 ; L. 1.17 m.
  Repository: Sénat, Paris, France; Inventory LUX 1534

- Les tricoteuses (Sous la pergola), 1913, Huile sur toile, H. 2.09 ; L. 2.83 m
  Repository: Mairie, Bouvron, France, Inventory LUX 1346

- La fenaison (Les faucheurs), Huile sur toile, H. 3.8 ; L. 7.8 m
  Repository: Musée Henri Martin, Cahors, France, Inventory LUX 715

- L'Inspiration, 1895, Huile sur toile, H. 4.06 ; L. 2.53 m.
  Repository: Musée des Beaux-Arts, Tourcoing, France, Inventory INV 20722

- Les toits, Huile sur toile, H. 0.96 ; L. 1.16 m.
  Repository: Musée Henri Martin, Cahors, France, Inventory INV 20051

 

Valenciennes, Musée des Beaux-Arts

- Ouvrier piqueur, Inventory P.47.12
- Portrait de femme âgée, Étude pour l'Automne,1903, Repository: Musée de Cahors Henri-Martin
- Étude pour Le Travail, Conseil d'État, circa 1926, Repository: Musée de Cahors Henri-Martin

 

 

 

Bibliography

 

Henri Martin, Exhibiton in Toulouse and Paris, France, 1983

 

Henri Martin (1860-1943). Du rêve au quotidien. Peintures conservées dans les collections publiques françaises, Cahors, France, 2008 ; Bordeaux, France, 2008 ; Douai, France, 2009